SOME MAY HAVE SEEN IT COMING, but when the Mid-Ocean News folded in 2009, with one
day’s notice, it was a shock. The paper had been a news staple for nearly a century. Then in 2014, the Ber-
muda Sun folded, just as abruptly, after half a century in business, leaving Bermuda with one newspaper,
the Royal Gazette.
The closure of two newspapers in six years was a reflection of the fate of newspapers around the world.
With the emergence of the Internet and other forms of social media, newspapers are struggling to stay
afloat. It is against the background of such sweeping changes in media that we look back at the lives of
three pioneering publishers from previous eras: Donald McPhee Lee, the first editor of The Royal Gazette, Samuel Seward Toddings Sr., founding editor of the Mid-Ocean News and A.B. Place, founder and
long-time manager of the Bermuda Recorder.
The Royal Gazette was the sixth newspaper to be established in Bermuda. With the exception of a four-
A look back
at the lives of
A TRIO OF
BY MEREDITH EBBIN
Samuel Seward Toddings Jr. Donald McPhee Lee A. B. Place